Our Community

Gambo -colour (1)

Profile

Gambo, with a population of approximately 2000 people, is located along Route 320 which runs parallel to the north shore of Freshwater Bay, an inlet of the far greater Bonavista Bay (See map under Attractions). It is situated 37 kilometers east of Gander International Airport.

Gambo's municipal boundaries contain an area of approximately 85 square kilometers. Within those boundaries lie some portion of the watershed of three very popular salmon and trout angling rivers: the Gambo, Middle Brook, and Traverse Rivers. One writer described the geography of Gambo this way: "Nestled within a beautiful estuary at the mouth of Gambo and Middle Brook the town is a pleasant family community...". (John Baird)

Forty one percent of Gambo's working population are employed in the sales and service sector of the economy. Another 22.4 % are involved in the construction industry. Gambo's employment rate in 2006 stood at 65.6 %.

History

According to the distinguished clergyman and scholar, M.F. Howley, the word,"Gambo", is a derivative of Baie de las Gamas, Spanish or Portuguese for "Bay of the does", with "does" generally understood to be a reference to caribou, a familiar presence in the Gambo area even today.

According to local lore, Mi'kmaq from Clode Sound in Bonavista Bay settled first at Doleman's Point, then moved to Mitchell's Point, and finally onto a Mi'kmaq reservation just north and west of the Middle Brook River. The last of these Mi'kmaq, mainly members of the Joe family, were buried in the Mi'kmaq Cemetery in Middle Brook.

The first Europeans were attracted to the Gambo area by the incredible stocks of Atlantic salmon migrating up the three rivers in the Gambo area and by the great pine stands for ships' masts and lumber. By the early nineteenth century salmon fishermen and loggers had settled year round in the Gambo area, starting at Doleman's Point and Hay Cove. The early loggers also built sawmills on the rivers powered by water wheels and sawed huge quantities of lumber that were shipped by schooners throughout Newfoundland and even into Europe and the Caribbean. By the late 1800s mills began to use turbines to run their saws and planers. Then came steam-powered mills. The first steam-powered mill in Newfoundland and Labrador was built on Dominion Point circa 1864 by David Smallwood, J.R. Smallwood's grandfather. A little later (1876) J.J. (Gambo) Murphy built a steamed-powered sawmill on Mint Brook and a town, the first in-land town in Newfoundland, grew up around the site. This was where J.R. (Joey) Smallwood was born in 1900.

In 1891, The Newfoundland Railway, which started in St. John's in 1878, reached Gambo. Right beside the railway tracks where the Village Green stage is now, J.J. (Gambo) Murphy built a large hotel, the largest hotel in Newfoundland outside of St. John's. The hotel, which opened in 1893, was built to attract sportsmen from Canada, the United States and Europe to come to the Gambo area to hunt trophy-sized caribou and black bear. It also attracted salmon and trout anglers, along with hunters after Canada Geese and the many species of ducks that used Gambo's rivers, ponds, and bogs, as well as the coves and islands of Freshwater Bay, as nesting sites. Murphy also laid a spur line from Gambo to Mint Brook to transport by trolley, the lumber and railway ties he sawed in Mint Brook, to the station at Gambo, from where they were shipped all over Newfoundland, Canada, the United States, South America, and Europe. Other sawmills in the area also used the railway to transport their lumber products to market. The Railway Depot at Gambo brought much employment and prosperity to the Gambo area. Passengers and freight were brought by boat up from the many communities in Bonavista Bay to the wharf in Gambo. The passengers needed places to stay and restaurants to eat in. In the spring the sealers from the communities along the Straight Shore of Bonavista Bay often trekked to the depot to catch the train to St. John's where they joined the ships that would take them to the spring seal hunt.

By 1894 there were four separate and distinct communities: Middle Brook, Dark Cove, Gambo, and Mint Brook. In 1907 a forest fire destroyed the mill at Mint Brook. In subsequent years these residents resettled, most of them to Gambo.

In the late 1940's, adding to prosperity in the Gambo area, the Anglo Newfoundland Company (the AND) that operated the pulp and paper mill in Grand Falls set up its wood operations in Gambo. The company employed hundreds of men to be loggers and drivers, dam builders and carpenters, cooks and cookees, etc. The company also stocked its wood camps with food and other provisions bought from businesses in the Gambo area.

From 1940 to 1960 the area experienced unprecedented growth in its population. In the late 1950's and early 60's many people resettled in Dark Cove, Middle Brook, and Gambo from the islands of Bonavista Bay such as Bragg's Island and Green Island. These people added greatly to the social and religious life of the three communities. In 1964 the three separate communities of Dark Cove, Middle Brook, and Gambo were incorporated as one town known as Dark Cove-Middle Brook-Gambo. In 1980 the town officially changed its name to Gambo.

Unfortunately, by 1970, because of forest fires and intensive logging, the timber resources in the Gambo area were no longer sufficient to its needs so the AND closed out its woods operation in Gambo. In the eighties the Railway ceased operating in Newfoundland and so the Railway Station at Gambo closed, throwing many more workers out of work. Those two economic blows to Gambo took away much of its prosperity and forced many people to leave and the population of Gambo dropped significantly.

In late 1980's Gambo Town Council formed the Smallwood Era Development Corporation (Sedcor) to come up with ideas and actions that could provide employment to the people of Gambo. The community embarked on an economic plan called the Smallwood Era Development Plan under which it developed Joey's Look-out, the J.R. Smallwood Interpretation Centre, the Village Green, the Smallwood Monument, Loggers Memorial Park and the Smallwood Trails. The Mi'kmaq Cemetery was restored and the David Smallwood Park was refurbished. Today Gambo has become a place of favor among history lovers, heritage buffs, and nature enthusiasts.

Request Details

Session Id:05yvpcilgm4atbbdkki20ewkRequest Type:GET
Time of Request:11/22/2014 6:56:12 AMStatus Code:200
Request Encoding:Unicode (UTF-8)Response Encoding:Unicode (UTF-8)

Trace Information

CategoryMessageFrom First(s)From Last(s)
aspx.pageBegin PreInit
umbracoInithandling request0.0000320.000032
request handlercurrent url '/community/'0.0001530.000121
umbracoRequestHandlerxpath: '/root/*/* [@urlName = "community"] | /root/* [@urlName = ""]'0.0002110.000058
umbracoRequestHandlerJust before xPath query (False, '/root/*/* [@urlName = "community"] | /root/* [@urlName = ""]')0.0002340.000023
umbracoRequestHandlerpageXPathQueryStart: '/root'0.0002510.000017
umbracoRequestHandlerAdding to cache... ('/community/')0.0005110.000261
umbracoRequestHandlerAfter xPath query0.0005330.000021
umbracoRequestHandlerAccess checking started0.0005670.000034
umbracoRequestHandlerPage not protected0.0006220.000055
umbracoRequestHandlerAccess checking ended0.0006430.000021
umbracoInitDone handling request0.0006580.000016
umbracoPagetesting altTemplate0.0008170.000159
umbracoPageElement loaded: pdfFolder0.0009010.000084
umbracoPageElement loaded: umbracoNaviHide0.0009370.000035
umbracoPageElement loaded: pageTitle0.0009680.000032
umbracoPageElement loaded: titleBackgroundImage0.0010000.000032
umbracoPageElement loaded: mainContent0.0010330.000032
umbracoPageElement loaded: snippets0.0010740.000041
umbracoPagePagedata loaded for Community (ID: 1103)0.0010950.000021
umbracoPageLooking up skin information0.0011250.000030
aspx.pageEnd PreInit0.0016890.000564
aspx.pageBegin Init0.0017150.000027
itemStart parsing 'pageName'0.0018380.000123
itemDone parsing 'pageName'0.0018800.000041
item.recursiveItem loaded from 10480.0019660.000086
itemStart parsing 'siteName'0.0019880.000022
itemDone parsing 'siteName'0.0020230.000035
renderMacroRendering started (macro: , type: 0, cacheRate: 0)0.0020610.000038
umbracoMacroMacroEngine script added ()0.0020820.000021
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script0.0020990.000017
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script [done]0.0027520.000653
umbracoMacroMacro loaded from cache (ID: 25, Site Header)0.0028010.000049
renderMacroRendering started (macro: Site Header, type: 6, cacheRate: 3600)0.0028260.000025
umbracoMacroMacroEngine script added (SiteHeader.cshtml)0.0028490.000023
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script0.0028660.000017
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script [done]0.0046840.001818
umbracoMacroMacro loaded from cache (ID: 2, Top Navigation)0.0047470.000063
renderMacroRendering started (macro: Top Navigation, type: 6, cacheRate: 3600)0.0047720.000025
umbracoMacroMacroEngine script added (TopNavigation.cshtml)0.0047950.000023
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script0.0048120.000017
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script [done]0.0149270.010115
umbracoMacroMacro loaded from cache (ID: 19, Sub Page Header)0.0150030.000076
renderMacroRendering started (macro: Sub Page Header, type: 6, cacheRate: 3600)0.0150300.000026
umbracoMacroMacroEngine script added (SubPageHeader.cshtml)0.0150520.000023
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script0.0150690.000017
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script [done]0.2414180.226349
umbracoMacroMacro loaded from cache (ID: 14, Sub Page  Left  Column)0.2414990.000081
renderMacroRendering started (macro: Sub Page  Left  Column, type: 1, cacheRate: 0)0.2415230.000024
umbracoMacroBefore adding extensions0.2415700.000047
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:Exslt.ExsltCommon, ExsltCommon0.2416300.000060
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:Exslt.ExsltDatesAndTimes, ExsltDatesAndTimes0.2416470.000017
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:Exslt.ExsltMath, ExsltMath0.2416610.000015
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:Exslt.ExsltRegularExpressions, ExsltRegularExpressions0.2416760.000015
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:Exslt.ExsltStrings, ExsltStrings0.2416900.000014
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:Exslt.ExsltSets, ExsltSets0.2417030.000014
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.cms, Cms0.2417170.000014
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.dates, Dates0.2417840.000066
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.io, IO0.2417980.000014
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.media, Media0.2418110.000013
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.members, Members0.2418290.000018
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.nodes, Nodes0.2418430.000014
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.search, Search0.2418570.000015
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.strings, Strings0.2418720.000015
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.urls, Urls0.2418880.000016
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:ucomponents.xml, Xml0.2419020.000014
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:pdcalendar, library0.2419160.000014
umbracoXsltExtensionExtension added: urn:UCommentLibrary, XsltLibrary0.2419300.000014
umbracoMacroAfter adding extensions0.2419420.000012
umbracoMacroBefore performing transformation0.2419700.000028
umbracoMacroAfter performing transformation0.2471230.005153
umbracoMacroMacro loaded from cache (ID: 26, Snippets)0.2471660.000043
renderMacroRendering started (macro: Snippets, type: 6, cacheRate: 3600)0.2471850.000019
umbracoMacroMacroEngine script added (Snippets.cshtml)0.2472030.000017
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script0.2472160.000013
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script [done]0.2477670.000551
itemStart parsing 'mainContent'0.2478210.000054
itemDone parsing 'mainContent'0.2478540.000033
umbracoMacroMacro loaded from cache (ID: 20, PDF List)0.2480920.000238
renderMacroRendering started (macro: PDF List, type: 6, cacheRate: 3600)0.2481120.000020
umbracoMacroMacroEngine script added (PDFList.cshtml)0.2481290.000017
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script0.2481420.000013
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script [done]0.2486170.000475
renderMacroRendering started (macro: , type: 0, cacheRate: 0)0.2486640.000046
umbracoMacroMacroEngine script added ()0.2486820.000018
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script0.2486950.000013
umbracoMacroLoading IMacroEngine script [done]0.2491820.000488
umbracoMacroMacro loaded from cache (ID: 6, Footer)0.2492180.000036
renderMacroRendering started (macro: Footer, type: 6, cacheRate: 3600)0.2492370.000018
renderMacroMacro Control loaded from cache ('Footer-Footer-')...0.2492580.000021
aspx.pageEnd Init0.2492970.000040
aspx.pageBegin InitComplete0.2493130.000016
aspx.pageEnd InitComplete0.2493260.000013
aspx.pageBegin PreLoad0.2493380.000012
aspx.pageEnd PreLoad0.2493500.000013
aspx.pageBegin Load0.2493620.000012
aspx.pageEnd Load0.2494210.000058
aspx.pageBegin LoadComplete0.2494360.000015
aspx.pageEnd LoadComplete0.2494480.000013
aspx.pageBegin PreRender0.2494600.000012
aspx.pageEnd PreRender0.2495240.000065
aspx.pageBegin PreRenderComplete0.2495430.000019
aspx.pageEnd PreRenderComplete0.2495560.000013
aspx.pageBegin SaveState0.2504590.000903
aspx.pageEnd SaveState0.2504730.000014
aspx.pageBegin SaveStateComplete0.2504850.000012
aspx.pageEnd SaveStateComplete0.2504970.000013
aspx.pageBegin Render0.2505090.000012
aspx.pageEnd Render0.2631930.012684

Control Tree

Control UniqueIDTypeRender Size Bytes (including children)ViewState Size Bytes (excluding children)ControlState Size Bytes (excluding children)
__PageASP.default_aspx1475900
    ctl00ASP.masterpages_normalsubpage_master000
        ctl00$ctl00ASP.masterpages_subpagemaster_master000
            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00ASP.masterpages_mainmaster_master000
                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00ASP.umbraco_masterpages_default_master000
                    ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefaultSystem.Web.UI.WebControls.ContentPlaceHolder000
                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$headSystem.Web.UI.HtmlControls.HtmlHead000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl05System.Web.UI.HtmlControls.HtmlMeta000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl06System.Web.UI.HtmlControls.HtmlTitle000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl07System.Web.UI.WebControls.PlaceHolder000
                                    ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$Item1umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Item000
                                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$Item1$ctl00System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                                    ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl08System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                                    ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$Item2umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Item000
                                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$Item2$ctl00System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl00umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl09System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl01umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl10System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl02umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl11System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_contentSystem.Web.UI.WebControls.ContentPlaceHolder000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl03System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$Macro1umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl04System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl05System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl00umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl02System.Web.UI.WebControls.PlaceHolder000
                                    ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl06System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl07System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl01umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl08System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl09System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_contentSystem.Web.UI.WebControls.ContentPlaceHolder000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_content$ctl02System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_content$ctl00umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Item000
                                    ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_content$ctl00$ctl00System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_content$ctl03System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_content$ctl01umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                                    ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_content$ctl04System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                                ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$cp_content$ctl05System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$cp_content$ctl10System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl03umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl12System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000
                        ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl04umbraco.presentation.templateControls.Macro000
                            ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ctl00$ContentPlaceHolderDefault$ctl13System.Web.UI.LiteralControl000

Session State

Session KeyTypeValue

Application State

Application KeyTypeValue
umbracoUrlSystem.Stringwww.townofgambo.com:80/umbraco
umbracoNeedConfigurationSystem.BooleanFalse

Request Cookies Collection

NameValueSize

Response Cookies Collection

NameValueSize

Headers Collection

NameValue
Accepttext/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Encodingx-gzip, gzip, deflate
Accept-Languageen-us,en-gb,en;q=0.7,*;q=0.3
Hosttownofgambo.com
User-AgentCCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)

Response Headers Collection

NameValue
X-AspNet-Version4.0.30319
Cache-Controlprivate
Content-Typetext/html

Form Collection

NameValue

Querystring Collection

NameValue

Server Variables

NameValue
ALL_HTTPHTTP_ACCEPT:text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING:x-gzip, gzip, deflate HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE:en-us,en-gb,en;q=0.7,*;q=0.3 HTTP_HOST:townofgambo.com HTTP_USER_AGENT:CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)
ALL_RAWAccept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Encoding: x-gzip, gzip, deflate Accept-Language: en-us,en-gb,en;q=0.7,*;q=0.3 Host: townofgambo.com User-Agent: CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)
APPL_MD_PATH/LM/W3SVC/649/ROOT
APPL_PHYSICAL_PATHC:\HostingSpaces\townofga\townofgambo.com\wwwroot\
AUTH_TYPE 
AUTH_USER 
AUTH_PASSWORD 
LOGON_USER 
REMOTE_USER 
CERT_COOKIE 
CERT_FLAGS 
CERT_ISSUER 
CERT_KEYSIZE 
CERT_SECRETKEYSIZE 
CERT_SERIALNUMBER 
CERT_SERVER_ISSUER 
CERT_SERVER_SUBJECT 
CERT_SUBJECT 
CONTENT_LENGTH0
CONTENT_TYPE 
GATEWAY_INTERFACECGI/1.1
HTTPSoff
HTTPS_KEYSIZE 
HTTPS_SECRETKEYSIZE 
HTTPS_SERVER_ISSUER 
HTTPS_SERVER_SUBJECT 
INSTANCE_ID649
INSTANCE_META_PATH/LM/W3SVC/649
LOCAL_ADDR173.248.145.114
PATH_INFO/default.aspx
PATH_TRANSLATEDC:\HostingSpaces\townofga\townofgambo.com\wwwroot\default.aspx
QUERY_STRING 
REMOTE_ADDR54.197.211.197
REMOTE_HOST54.197.211.197
REMOTE_PORT53490
REQUEST_METHODGET
SCRIPT_NAME/default.aspx
SERVER_NAMEtownofgambo.com
SERVER_PORT80
SERVER_PORT_SECURE0
SERVER_PROTOCOLHTTP/1.0
SERVER_SOFTWAREMicrosoft-IIS/7.5
URL/default.aspx
HTTP_ACCEPTtext/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODINGx-gzip, gzip, deflate
HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGEen-us,en-gb,en;q=0.7,*;q=0.3
HTTP_HOSTtownofgambo.com
HTTP_USER_AGENTCCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)

Microsoft .NET Framework Version:4.0.30319; ASP.NET Version:4.0.30319.34237